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Viral Arthritis | eOrthopod.com

Arthritis is also a common cause of joint pain. 8th ed. So what Virus’s cause joint pain and damage? Anti-inflammatory medications may help relieve pain and swelling. Then the body’s immune system destroys the virus, and the symptoms of the illness go away. If you have hepatitis C, you may also suffer inflammatory joint diseases. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne virus that has caused outbreaks in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean, Southern Europe and most recently in the Caribbean.

25th ed. Small joints, such as those in fingers and toes, are more likely to become infected after a viral infection or after direct injury, such as a bite. Joint pain may be due to local damage within the joint, or may be just one part of a systemic (whole-body) disease process. Even after the virus is eliminated from the body, the changes in the joint can continue to cause pain and swelling. Inoculation of Rag1−/− mice, which lack T and B cells, resulted in higher viral levels in a variety of tissues, suggesting that adaptive immunity controls the tissue specificity and persistence of CHIKV infection. There is little that can be done to prevent viral arthritis, except to avoid exposure to viruses when possible. After a fever, Halverson’s mouth became inflamed with sores.


Cytokines activate other immune cells and can stimulate the body to generate a fever and ‘lock up’ molecules of iron so they are not available to invading bacteria. While, according to some authors, postinfectious arthritis belongs to the large group of reactive arthritis, by other authors, these joint events are independent entities. Getting up in the morning, lifting your arms to pick your mobile phone or getting up to pee all seem like Herculean tasks. Other examples of viruses that can cause viral arthritis include enterovirus, rubella, HIV, and hepatitis B and C. Apart from muscle aches and joint pain, other symptoms of mono include drowsiness, sore throat, fever and muscle stiffness, notes MedlinePlus. The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where dengue is common. Inoculation of Rag1−/− mice, which lack T and B cells, resulted in higher viral levels in a variety of tissues, suggesting that adaptive immunity controls the tissue specificity and persistence of CHIKV infection.

The finding could help explain why the majority of patients with chikungunya fever are plagued by persistent joint pain. Parvovirus B-19 causes the illness called fifth disease, which causes a rash on the face and body. Pain, stiffness, or both may accompany joint swelling. Influenza can cause a variety of symptoms that can be very distressing to an individual. The information and advice on this page shouldn’t be used to self-diagnose your condition, but may give you a better idea of what’s causing your pain. Adults can also become infected with the virus and develop fifth disease. Inflamed joints may also be warm and swollen, and less often the overlying skin may be red.

I was feeling pretty good for about two days and around the third day into taking this medication I started to have chest pains and went to the urgent care. Exacerbations of gout can cause joints to become inflamed if uric acid crystals start to deposit within the joint. Several types of systemic infections – including Lyme disease, infectious hepatitis, fifth disease, mumps, German measles and rheumatic fever – can also have joint symptoms or can trigger arthritis, but as with reactive arthritis the joint itself is not infected. The precise mechanism of these wide array of rheumatologic manifestations remains unclear although immune mechanisms seems to play a pivotal role [1] (Table 1). Joint swelling and blood vessel inflammation can occur as well. This virus stimulates polyclonal lymphocyte expansion and persists within B lymphocytes for the host’s life, inhibited from reactivating by the immune response. This has been going on for two weeks, I went to a drop in doctors and they suggested a blood test to look for inflammation, and I’m waiting to get an appointment for that at the right time as I am too new at my job to get paid for sick days.

Then the body’s immune system destroys the virus, and the symptoms of the illness go away. Patients with certain systemic infections, including gonorrhea and HIV infection. Bacteria can be introduced directly into the joint by injury or surgery, but more often the bacteria are carried to the joint through the bloodstream from an infection somewhere else in the body. When a joint becomes infected with bacteria, it causes pain. Here’s what you need to know about this new viral threat—and how to tell whether your “arthritis” might actually be a case of chikungunya infection… RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS OR CHIKUNGUNYA? Adding to the potential confusion in making a diagnosis, the researchers also found that blood tests of patients with chikungunya can have similar results to people with rheumatoid arthritis.